Paul's client, friend, and founding memberSilvester
"Silvester Schiele, my most intimate Chicago friend, and one of the
three who first met with me, was made our first president, and has been
a constant member." Paul Harris, from "My Road to Rotary"
While Paul is at Princeton, Howard Harris dies March
17th, 1888. Paul's grandfather had given him a road map for success in
life. He had taught him one thing above all else. That was "Tolerance.""I
think I inherited something of grandfather's broad spirit of tolerance.
Grandfather was an ambassador of good-will in the eyes of the youngster
who sat at his table during his impressionable years; he never spoke
evil of any man nor of any man's religion or politics."
Road to Rotary, by Paul Harris, page 208, copyright Rotary
(There is a complete, illustrated history timeline
on Paul Harris, his family, Rotary and his career at
Paul gains his law degree and upon
hearing a former law student tell his class, "Go to a small town and
make a fool of yourself for five years, then go to the big city."
Instead Paul gave himself five
years to see the world.
Invited to dinner by a fellow attorney,Paul
Harris is inspired to start an organization where men of different
professions could gather in fellowship. He spends some five years
considering this possibility.
First gathering, onThursday
evening, 23 February 1905 in Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. by attorneyPaul
P. Harris. Young Harris, fresh from a wild five years as a
reporter, actor, cowboy, seaman, granite salesman, fruit picker and
hotel clerk, five years building a successful law practice, then had an
idea. It was regarding observations of success and respect which could
come from organizing professional acquaintances. More years passed. He had
given this much thought by the time he and Silvester Schiele walked over
to Gus Loehr's office, inRoom
711that cold winter
night in 1905, almost 9 years from his arrival in Chicago. Several
weeks later, Schiele was elected the first president of Rotary when the
meeting was held in his office. Harris suggested
several names, one of them being "Rotary."
"Members 2-5?" From Paul Harris' second book, "This
Rotarian Age" 1935, you can now know the truth and very
Members agree to be on "first name" basis. Singing
"Wagon Wheel" emblem adopted, the first of many variations of"wheel
emblems" to be used by different clubs, until 1912, when a geared wheel
was adopted, this to be follow by authorization of an official emblem
(1924), a wheel of six spokes, twenty-four cogs, and a "keyway."
formed in San
U.S.A. by businessman Homer Wood. Paul Harris had asked Chicago
Rotarian, Manuel Munoz, who was being sent to San Francisco by his
employer, to "spread the word" about Rotary. The timing was perfect. San
Francisco businessmen needed a boost. It has been just two years since
of 1906which nearly
destroyed the city.
an unlikely figure in Rotary Global History. His San Francisco business
dissolves and he returns home to Dublin, Ireland and brings Rotary with
him. He organizes several clubs in Ireland and the UK He has the full
the endorsement of Paul Harris and Ches Perry, until he runs afoul of
in Chicago, 15-17 August, with sixteen clubs in Rotary. The National
Association of Rotary Clubs was formed. Paul Harris was elected
president of the Association and served two terms.Chesley
R. Perrybegan 32
years of service as Secretary, then General Secretary of Rotary from
Rotary "principles" adopted in form of
22 August 1911, RotarianFrank
Collins, introduced what was to become "Service above Self" to
At the same convention, "He Profits Most Who Serves Best" was
introduced to the convention. This was the work ofArthur
"Fred" Sheldon, teacher of business, creator of Rotary's
"classification system," author of one of our mottos. One of Rotary's
most forward "Early Leaders."
50 Clubs meet inDuluthwith
Canada and the organization becomes "The International Association of
the same year as the 50th club. 5,000 members. Paul Harris is named
First districts (then called divisions)
are established, 8 in U.S.A., 2 in Canada, one in Britain and Ireland.
By year's end there were 54 Clubs
clubof the International
Association of Rotary Clubs is formed on 1 March inPhoenix,
AZ, USA. However, on that particular Sunday, and only that one day in
March, there was not one qualified application butsix.
There is no record of how #100, of the six (#100 - 105) was determined
from that selection. And, so this website, with the "Four Way Test" as a
guide, has created/clubs/100+to
recognize the "other five" clubs of that day.
22-26 June and 1,288 Rotarians make the long journey toHouston,
TX, USA. Rotarian Henry Brunier(RIP
wife "Ann" boarded a special train for the convention. Since Ann was the
only woman on the train for most of the trip, the other Rotarians began
calling her "Rotary Ann". In Houston the Bruniers met Guy and Ann
the name "Rotary Ann" belonged to Guy's wife as well. The term"Rotary
Ann"lasted until the
late 1980's. Gundaker
was RIP 1923-24.
War - British Clubs involved in relief
work e.g., housing Belgian refugees
1917, Arch C. Klumph, Rotary's sixth president, proposed to the Rotary
International Convention inAtlanta,
creation of an "endowment
fund for Rotary. . . for the purpose of doing good in the world in
charitable, educational, and other avenues of community service." A few
months later, the endowment received its first contribution of $26.50
from the Rotary Club of Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
Also at the 1917 convention:Klumph
insisted that the District Governors know the International Constitution
andbe acquainted with
Rotary Global History.
Harris' signature is all that is seen on the cover of his 1928
Founder of Rotary,"with
a forward by RI General Secretary Chesley R. Perry. Portions of this
rare book aredisplayed
herefor Rotarians to
Hear Paul Here! In 1933, Rotary International held its
24th convention inBoston,
MA, USA, from 26-30 June with 8,430 in attendance.Rotary's
president was from Albuquerque, NM. General Secretary wasChesley
active as president emeritus. During the convention, a radio broadcast
was arranged heard "around the world" and addressed to "non-Rotarians."
Perry introduced Harris who told his audience "of the air" that if they
have "Love of 'men' in their heart," then they are potential Rotarians!
Now you can listen to arecording
of this famous broadcast.
and Jean travel, again, at the invitation of the board of directors, to
Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. Harris
writes about the travels, but continues to record his philosophy of
Rotary's power for peace. They also plant many moreFriendship
January, 1943 Adoption of the Four Way Test, written by
the truth? Is it fair to all concerned? Will it build good willand
better friendships? Will if be beneficial to all concerned?"
in Servicewas first
published in the last year of Paul Harris' life, 1946. It continued to
be updated and printed for many years. For Rotary Global History it
constitutes a summary of our project in that it reflects the history and
Rotary orientation of the "Paul Harris" years.
Road to Rotary,"the
third book and second autobiography, written by Paul P. Harris is
published. The first editionincluded
14 pages of highlights from 1905 - 1948.These were written for
the publisher A. Kroch and Son, by Rotary International under the
direction of Rotary's second General Secretary, Philip Lovejoy.
In this book you'll hear Paul tell how Rotary came
to be. How he became the person who had the vision to create this great
movement. It is the only way to understand the values of Rotary from the
man who taught them. For his words, sent to you each week by email:www.whatpaulharrissaid.org
First Interact club was formed by Melbourne, Florida
U.S.A. Rotary Club. In August of 1962, Jean Harris attends a small
reception for the 50th anniversary of RC of Edinburgh. RI president
elect Carl P. Miller was in attendance. RC of Edinburgh kept in close
touch with Mrs. Harris until her death. The club maintainssigns
Planet Earth program inspires some 2,000 Rotary-sponsored environmental
projects. A re-birth of Paul and Jean Harris' "Friendship
Trees" good-will trips of the 30's and 40's results in the
planting of hundreds of thousands of trees under the leadership of
another "Paul" PRIP Paulo Costa, 1990-1991 Brazil (d2000)
Rotary Global History adds the"First
Club" of each Rotary countryto
the project. Following the convention in Brisbane, theCentennial
journey to all of the "First 100 Clubs" of Rotary to conclude that tour
at Chicago for the convention in 2005. Rotary Global History combines
12 websites into 1 and surrenders 59 domain names to Rotary
International in compliance with newly written domain policy. RI's board
officially congratulates the ambitious project.
3 October 2003, the Board of Directors of Rotary International
officially recognizes Rotary Global History as the newest fellowship of
Rotary, under the name "Rotary Global History
Rotary opens extension toChinaandCuba(source
Rotary International) Only four countries remain polio-endemic:
Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Polio cases worldwide have
dropped by 99 percent since 1985.
The Rotary Foundation celebrates the millionth Paul
Harris Fellow by recognizing 34 individuals â€“ one from each Rotary
zone. The donors receive plaques and certificates honoring their
Rotary officially launches its effort to match a US$100
million challenge grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help
In 2009, Rotary receives another grant of $255 million from the Gates
Foundation and launches Rotary's US$200 Million Challenge to match a
portion of the grants and further support efforts to End Polio Now.
Rotary celebrates the 100th RI Convention
in Birmingham, England. The event welcomes guest speakers Archbishop
Emeritus Desmond Tutu, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon,
actress and UNICEF goodwill ambassador Mia Farrow, and renowned
primatologist and humanitarian Dr. Jane Goodall.
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invited to this page, may register If a DGE/N/D joins prior to their
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